POST #13

Posted: November 28, 2011 in Uncategorized

This week on my blog I will be continuing to talk about Personality.

To assess your unconscious you may do a test that is referred to as the Projective Test.  This test is a personality test that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one’s inner dynamics.  There is also an Thematic test which is an projective test that Makes up stories about ambiguous scenes and it allows people express their inner feelings and interests.  Another test that is often used when assessing your unconscious is the Rorschach Inkblot Test.  This test is the most widely used projective test.  It is a set of 10 inkblots designed by Hermann Rorschach.  It was made to seeks to identify people’s inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots

Alfred Adler suggested that personality develops in the context of social relationships and depends particularly on the relationship between parents and child.  This was called the Inferiority complex which describes situations in which adults have not been able to overcome the feelings of inferiority they developed as children. 

Carl Jung emphasized the collective unconscious .  This is the concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species’ history.  It is a common set of ideas, feelings, images, and symbols that we inherit from our relatives, the whole human race, and even nonhuman animal ancestors from the distant past.  He also believed in Archetypes which was the universal symbolic representations of a particular person, object, or experience.

Karen Horney sought to balance Freud’s masculine biases.  She suggested that personality develops in the context of social relationships and depends particularly on the relationship between parents and child.

Humanistic Psychology is the approach to psychology that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials, and ideals

Humanism is when Humanity is positively forward moving.  Humanism is when we are creative and capable of Free Choice.  It is our personality is a product of our choices.  Each person experiences their own reality.  Subjective Experience is Reality as it is perceived and interpreted.

 

Abraham Maslow supported the Humanistic Perspective.  He studied the self-actualization processes of productive and healthy people.  He believed that the needs were as follows:  Basic Needs included Physiological Safety and Security Love and Belonging Esteem

Growth Needs were to Contribute to personal growth.

Self-Actualization is the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved.  It is known as the motivation to fulfill one’s potential

Maslow’s self actualization was an ongoing process of fully developing potential.

1. Be willing to change ; 2. Take responsibility ; 3. Examine your motives ; 4. Experience honestly and directly ; 5. Make use of positive experiences ; 6. Be prepared to be different ; 7. Get involved ; 8. Get involved

The aspects of the self actualized are Efficient perceptions of reality.  They are also Comfortable acceptance of self, others, and human nature.  These concepts are Spontaneity, Task centered, Autonomy, Continued freshness of appreciation, Fellowship with humanity, Profound interpersonal relationships, Non-hostile sense of humor.  Peak experiences are Temporary moments of ecstasy, harmony, and deep meaning

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