Make Up Post

Posted: December 5, 2011 in Uncategorized

This Post will be talking about Psychological Disorders.

Psychological Disorders are harmful dysfunctions in which behavior is judged to be (1) atypical, (2) disturbing, (3) maladaptive, or (4) unjustifiable.  Atypical is not enough in itself.  Disturbing varies with time and culture.  Maladaptive is when someone is harmful and dysfunctional.  Lastly unjustifiable is when there’s a good reason sometime.

The historical perspective of this is caused by movements of sun or the moon and even evil spirits.  Ancient treatments for these disorders were exorcism, caged like animals, beaten, burned, castrated, mutilated, or blood replaced with an animal’s blood. The medical model is the concept that these diseases have physical causes.  They believe that they can be diagnosed, treated, and sometimes cured.  They also assume that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital. The bio-psycho-social perspective is by the biological, social cultural and psychological f actors combine and interacting cause the psychological disorders. 

The DSM-IV is the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.  It is a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.  A Neurotic Disorder is usually distressing but allows someone to think rationally and function socially.  It is known as the nervous disorder.  A psychotic disorder is when a person loses contact with reality.  They experience irrational ideas/delusions and distorted perceptions/hallucinations.


In the Post Below, tells you about generalized anxiety disorders.  Now we will discuss a few more types of anxiety disorders.  A panic disorder is basically panic attacks that usually last no more than a few minutes.  During a panic attack the person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.  Another type of Anxiety is Obsessive Compulsive Disorders.  This is unwanted repetitive thought also known as obsessions and actions/compulsions occur.  This is thought to be caused by biological reasons. 

In Post Traumatic Stress Disorder someone has haunting memories, social withdrawal, nightmares, and insomnia.  It is usually referred to as PTSD.  There are 2 dysfunctional cognitions mediate development of PTSD – the world is completely dangerous and that the self is totally incompetent.  These are usually acquired if the person entered stress with extreme opposite view or if multiple stress occurrences continually prime the schema.  There are very efficient and valid test if you want to identify PTSD.

Mood Disorders are characterized by emotional extremes.  In a Major Depressive Disorder there is usually no apparent reason.  This depressing mood usually last about two or more weeks of feeling worthless and diminished.  In a manic episode you are hyperactive and in a wildly optimistic state.  Bipolar Disorder is when a person alternates between.  They usually seem hopeless and have depression.  Sometimes they can be in a overexcited state of mania which is formerly called the manic-depressive disorder. 

In mood disorders one component of the chemistry-cognition-moo circuit can alter others.  The cycle of depression is (1) stressful experiences, (2) Negative explanatory style, (3) depressed mood, and (4) cognitive and behavioral changes.  This cycle of depression can be broken at any point. 


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